Spanish Wine Production
Spotlight on facts and figures for this year’s Vinexpo country of honour
Spain is one of the greatest wine producers in the world: in first place in terms of planted surface area; third in production (after Italy and France) and in 2015 also first global exporter when it comes to volume, third if one takes into account value. Wine has become an extremely important sector in Spain, not only for its economic impact, but also relevant in social and environmental terms, and in the way Spanish wine portrays an image of the country abroad and improves tourism.
Spanish wine-making is crucial, not just for its economic performance, but also for the people who work in this sector, and for the role it plays in environmental conservation.
According to the OIV, Spain remains the country in the EU, and indeed the world, with the largest number of vineyards, with 1.021 million hectares devoted to vine cultivation (97.4% used for wine-making, 2% for table grapes, 0.3% for raisin production, and the remaining 0.3% for nurseries). However, more recent official statistics compiled by the MAGRAMA note that this surface area decreased to 954,659 hectares in 2015. In any case, it represents 30% of the EU total (followed by France and Italy, both with approximately 22.5%) and 13.5% of the world-wide total. Its wine-making tradition can be traced back to Roman times, though it isn’t until recent times that exports have become a major concern, and generalized across the sector. The vine is the 3rd most cultivated crop in Spain, after cereals and olives.
The Spanish wine sector is searching the balance between production and sales with added value, according to OEMV, Spanish Wine Market Observatory. The main Spanish wine production areas are Castillala- Mancha, with 22.5 million hl of wine production in 2015/16 (-8.7%) and amounting for 60.5% of the total Spanish wine production, Extremadura with 4 million hl (-5.1%) and Catalonia with 3.31 million hl (0.6%).
Region of Valencia, Castilla Leon, and Rioja contribute around 5% of total wine production each. In 2015/16 according to MAGRAMA, PDO wine production is of 15.2 million hl (+4.5%) and the production of PGA wine is of 4.2 million hl (+2%). Production of quality wine without PDO/PGA is forecasted at 17.8 million hl.
VINEYARD SURFACE AREA
Geographical position, climatic differences and the variety of soils make the Iberian Peninsula and islands a privileged location for the production of very different wines.
In all, 17 Autonomous Regions in the country cultivate vines, and almost half of this total distribution is found in Castilla-La-Mancha (473,268 hectares and 49.6% of planted vines), which is the geographical area with the greatest concentration of vineyards in the world, followed by Extremadura (around 80,391 hectares, 8.4%), Castile-León (63,359 hectares) and Valencian Community (62,676 hectares), Catalonia, La Rioja, Aragon, Galicia, Murcia and Andalusia.
Hall 1, Stands CD148, DE137, DE149, CD139